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Along the way database: China's central enterprises in Eastern Africa (below)

Text:[Big][medium][small] time:2018/12/12 10:55:29    Views:    

        (3) Water conservancy and electric power infrastructure

        Since 2008, a total of eight central enterprises in the East African region to build 15 large-scale water conservancy and electric power infrastructure projects, including Ethiopia 8, Kenya 3, Uganda 2, Tanzania and Burundi each one. The main items of the project are shown in Table 2-12.

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       Central enterprises in recent years in the East African region of water conservancy and hydropower infrastructure construction has the following characteristics:

       First, the construction of a number of major influential large hydropower stations and power grid projects, led the export of the product. China Central Power Construction, China can be built as the representative of the central enterprises in the East African region of large hydropower stations and power grid construction in the extraordinary performance. In the construction of large-scale hydropower stations, the total contract volume of the Essex Kete hydropower station, the Nalei-Dawa River hydropower station and the FAN hydropower station, the Uganda Isinba Hydropower Station and the Karumah Hydropower Station and the Kenya HGF Comprehensive Water Conservancy Project totaled more than US $ 5 billion, Installed capacity of nearly 200 million kilowatts, generating capacity accounted for nearly half of the total area; which Tecze hydropower station known as the "Three Gorges of Africa," built the highest dam in Africa; Uganda Kalumah Hydropower Station is the largest hydropower station in East Africa; HGF integrated water Hub is the Kenya 2030 long-term plan key projects; the implementation of these large-scale projects on the local economic development of great significance to China's central enterprises to expand Africa and the international market has a profound impact. In the large-scale power grid construction, the revival of the dam project is Ethiopia's largest power transmission project, the Northwest power grid can be formed after the completion of Tanzania complete national grid, and can interconnection with neighboring grid. In the export-led, through the implementation of large-scale water conservancy and electric power projects led a strong domestic power transmission equipment related to the export, such as Ethiopia dam substation project driven by the West to the largest ultra-high pressure equipment exports to Africa, The Ethiopian wind power project drives China's wind power plant as a whole.

       Second, Ethiopia became a key market for water conservancy and power construction in the region. In recent years, China's central enterprises to actively expand the Ethiopian water and electricity market, in the country's power industry construction has played a more important role. In addition to the aforementioned Tecze hydropower station, Nalei-Dawa River hydropower station and FAN hydropower station and other large hydropower projects, in the power grid construction, Ethiopia to South Sudan power transmission project smoothly, not only for Ethiopia to bring power exports, More important tension with the South Sudan's economic ties in the regional political and economic pattern is of great significance; Meles hydropower station power transmission project is the country's late Prime Minister Meles personally concerned about the key projects, rehabilitation dam project not only in the It is the focus of the Nile River's water use (see Chapter 2 of this book). In the construction of renewable energy, in 2012 China and the Ethiopian government official exchange of letters, by the China Electric Construction of the specific implementation of the Ethiopian wind solar energy project; Adama wind power project is China's first technology, standards, management, equipment as a whole go out Wind power projects, the use of Chinese standards for design, construction and acceptance, while the introduction of new technologies in the country and the establishment of relevant standards, significant.

       (D) housing construction of municipal infrastructure

       Since 2007, a total of seven central enterprises in the eastern region of the construction of municipal areas of 18 key projects, Tanzania 7, Kenya 6, Ethiopia and Uganda 2, Rwanda 1. The main items of the project are shown in Table 2-13.

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       Central enterprises in recent years in the East African region housing construction infrastructure development in the field of the following characteristics. First, large-scale reconstruction project to create friendship monument, bring good response. The conference center of the Ethiopian Conference Center and the Nyerere International Conference Center in Tanzania are the landmark projects. The conference center is the largest aid project in China after the Tanzania-Zambia Railway, which has attracted wide attention from the international community. The design of the Nyerere International Conference Center was completed by the China Academy of Sciences. On March 25, 2013, Chairman Xi Jinping presented the "true, real, pro- Friendly and cooperative words. In addition to the above large-scale projects, China's central enterprises are still in Rwanda to build a construction of vocational and technical schools project for the local training of technical personnel to provide a platform; central enterprises also invest in local people to build schools, cover the church, establish a good social image, more conducive to international business expand. Second, actively expand Ken, Tan municipal construction market. With the economic development of the East African region, large cities such as Addis Ababa, Nairobi and Dar es Salaam are centrally located, and the old urban transport, electricity and water supply facilities need to be rebuilt. In order to adapt to the needs of rapid urbanization. China's central enterprises to build Kenya two water supply projects and Nairobi sewage treatment works greatly alleviate the difficulties of local residents of water, improve the quality of life of local residents; Nairobi and other urban power grid renovation project for the coastal areas of economic development and lay a good foundation. Dar es Salaam urban water supply and sanitation projects, Pemba Island township water supply project to improve the quality of life of local residents. third. Construction of high - end commercial real estate projects. In the field of commercial real estate development, China's central enterprises also play their own advantages, in the East African region to build a number of landmark projects. Kenya Garden City project will become the largest commercial retail center in East Africa and high-end residential area; Dar es Sala Rita commercial building, Arusha NSSF commercial building and Addis Ababa ASSEM twin towers become the three cities Of the commercial "landmark"; Tanzania Mwangza City Shopping Center will become the largest modern shopping center in the Great Lakes region, Radiation Ukraine, Ken, Lu, Burundi and other countries. In the field of government office building and public welfare construction, the reconstruction project of the Presidential Palace of Uganda is the national key project of the country, the attention of the whole country, acclaimed by the whole country. The central enterprises of our country are the main medical center of Tanzania National University of Dorothy University and the largest medical diagnosis center in central and eastern Africa The

       (5) industrial manufacturing

       Since 2010, a total of eight central enterprises in the field of industrial manufacturing in the East African region implemented 10 key projects, including Ethiopia 9, Tanzania 1. The main items of the project are shown in Table 2-14.

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       Central enterprises in the field of industrial manufacturing in the East African region has the following characteristics. First, Ethiopia became the main target country. In recent years, the central enterprises in the East African industrial manufacturing projects are almost all landed in Ethiopia, from the project source of funds point of view, both the country's domestic enterprises investment projects, but also the support of the project, as well as infrastructure projects led export products ; The Sino-Egyptian government cooperation in the East Industrial Park has played an important platform role, the country's China Cement and China Metallurgical Group to build two key cement production line is located in the park. Second, infrastructure projects lead to cement manufacturing investment, water conservancy and electric power projects to promote product exports. Many infrastructure projects led the cement industry demand, China Nonferrous Metals Construction DMCC cement plant is Africa's largest cement plant, Ethiopia Nissan a total of 3800 tons of cement production line by the China Metallurgical Group to the general contract construction. In the construction of water conservancy and electric power, the construction of three hydropower stations in Djibouti led the export volume of the equipment products to RMB300 million, and the China Coal Group opened the export market of the Ethiopian well drilling equipment for the first time. Third, the automobile, sugar and other manufacturing industries to achieve good results. Ethiopia BELAYAB company is the country's most advanced equipment, one of the three largest auto assembly plant, China's Dongfeng Motor Corporation in the project to achieve the transfer of technology and local production; Poly Group and Ethiopia METEC company wire and cable project And the truck assembly line test line project is also a good economic benefits; Tanzania City Sugar Sugar and Ethiopia Kate Sugar Project total investment of more than 8 billion US dollars, not only the local economic pillar, but also lead to a large number of employment. On the whole, in recent years, central enterprises in the field of industrial manufacturing in East Africa to implement the project to the majority of construction projects, and did not form the scale of investment and industrial transfer trend, to be further strengthened and improved.

       Author: Zhiyu Chen, Bachelor of Science, School of Economics, Peking University, China Academy of Social Sciences Master of Law, Ph.D., now assistant researcher of the Institute of West Asian and African Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, has 10 years of central enterprise development strategy department person in charge of work experience, long engaged Enterprises in Africa to mine cooperation in the development, infrastructure construction and manufacturing and other areas of development research.


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